Purchasing Management Specialist Course

Become a specialist in purchasing management. Master advanced techniques and strategies for effective procurement and supply chain management. BMC Training offers Purchasing Management Specialist Course in Project , Procurement and Contracts Courses.

  • English
  • 217 Training Sessions
  • Confirmed
  • One Week
Type a city name or a month
Venue Start Date End Date Details & Registration
Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia 17 - Mar - 2024 21 - Mar - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Dubai , UAE 10 - Mar - 2024 14 - Mar - 2024
Course Details & Registration
London , UK 3 - Mar - 2024 7 - Mar - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Istanbul , Turkey 24 - Mar - 2024 28 - Mar - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Dubai , UAE 24 - Mar - 2024 28 - Mar - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia 24 - Mar - 2024 28 - Mar - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Rome , Italy 17 - Mar - 2024 21 - Mar - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Barcelona , Spain 17 - Mar - 2024 21 - Mar - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Zurich , Switzerland 17 - Mar - 2024 21 - Mar - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Paris , France 10 - Mar - 2024 14 - Mar - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Hong Kong , Hong Kong 10 - Mar - 2024 14 - Mar - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Madrid , Spain 3 - Mar - 2024 7 - Mar - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Munich , Germany 3 - Mar - 2024 7 - Mar - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Berlin , Germany 3 - Mar - 2024 7 - Mar - 2024
Course Details & Registration
New York , United States 3 - Mar - 2024 7 - Mar - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Amsterdam , Netherlands 3 - Mar - 2024 7 - Mar - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Bali , Indonesia 24 - Mar - 2024 28 - Mar - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Singapore , Singapore 24 - Mar - 2024 28 - Mar - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Washington , United States 24 - Mar - 2024 28 - Mar - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Paris , France 24 - Mar - 2024 28 - Mar - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Hong Kong , Hong Kong 24 - Mar - 2024 28 - Mar - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Rome , Italy 24 - Mar - 2024 28 - Mar - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Barcelona , Spain 24 - Mar - 2024 28 - Mar - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Zurich , Switzerland 24 - Mar - 2024 28 - Mar - 2024
Course Details & Registration
London , UK 28 - Apr - 2024 2 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Dubai , UAE 7 - Apr - 2024 11 - Apr - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Istanbul , Turkey 14 - Apr - 2024 18 - Apr - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia 21 - Apr - 2024 25 - Apr - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Dubai , UAE 21 - Apr - 2024 25 - Apr - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Madrid , Spain 28 - Apr - 2024 2 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Munich , Germany 28 - Apr - 2024 2 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Berlin , Germany 28 - Apr - 2024 2 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
New York , United States 28 - Apr - 2024 2 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Amsterdam , Netherlands 28 - Apr - 2024 2 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Paris , France 7 - Apr - 2024 11 - Apr - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Hong Kong , Hong Kong 7 - Apr - 2024 11 - Apr - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Bali , Indonesia 14 - Apr - 2024 18 - Apr - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Singapore , Singapore 14 - Apr - 2024 18 - Apr - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Washington , United States 14 - Apr - 2024 18 - Apr - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Rome , Italy 21 - Apr - 2024 25 - Apr - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Barcelona , Spain 21 - Apr - 2024 25 - Apr - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Zurich , Switzerland 21 - Apr - 2024 25 - Apr - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Paris , France 21 - Apr - 2024 25 - Apr - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Hong Kong , Hong Kong 21 - Apr - 2024 25 - Apr - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia 12 - May - 2024 16 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Dubai , UAE 5 - May - 2024 9 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
London , UK 19 - May - 2024 23 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Istanbul , Turkey 26 - May - 2024 30 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Dubai , UAE 26 - May - 2024 30 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia 26 - May - 2024 30 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Rome , Italy 12 - May - 2024 16 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Barcelona , Spain 12 - May - 2024 16 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Zurich , Switzerland 12 - May - 2024 16 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Paris , France 5 - May - 2024 9 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Hong Kong , Hong Kong 5 - May - 2024 9 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Madrid , Spain 19 - May - 2024 23 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Munich , Germany 19 - May - 2024 23 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Berlin , Germany 19 - May - 2024 23 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
New York , United States 19 - May - 2024 23 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Amsterdam , Netherlands 19 - May - 2024 23 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Bali , Indonesia 26 - May - 2024 30 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Singapore , Singapore 26 - May - 2024 30 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Washington , United States 26 - May - 2024 30 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Paris , France 26 - May - 2024 30 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Hong Kong , Hong Kong 26 - May - 2024 30 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Rome , Italy 26 - May - 2024 30 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Barcelona , Spain 26 - May - 2024 30 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Zurich , Switzerland 26 - May - 2024 30 - May - 2024
Course Details & Registration
London , UK 9 - Jun - 2024 13 - Jun - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Dubai , UAE 16 - Jun - 2024 20 - Jun - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Istanbul , Turkey 23 - Jun - 2024 27 - Jun - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia 2 - Jun - 2024 6 - Jun - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Dubai , UAE 2 - Jun - 2024 6 - Jun - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Madrid , Spain 9 - Jun - 2024 13 - Jun - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Munich , Germany 9 - Jun - 2024 13 - Jun - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Berlin , Germany 9 - Jun - 2024 13 - Jun - 2024
Course Details & Registration
New York , United States 9 - Jun - 2024 13 - Jun - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Amsterdam , Netherlands 9 - Jun - 2024 13 - Jun - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Paris , France 16 - Jun - 2024 20 - Jun - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Hong Kong , Hong Kong 16 - Jun - 2024 20 - Jun - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Bali , Indonesia 23 - Jun - 2024 27 - Jun - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Singapore , Singapore 23 - Jun - 2024 27 - Jun - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Washington , United States 23 - Jun - 2024 27 - Jun - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Rome , Italy 2 - Jun - 2024 6 - Jun - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Barcelona , Spain 2 - Jun - 2024 6 - Jun - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Zurich , Switzerland 2 - Jun - 2024 6 - Jun - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Paris , France 2 - Jun - 2024 6 - Jun - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Hong Kong , Hong Kong 2 - Jun - 2024 6 - Jun - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia 7 - Jul - 2024 11 - Jul - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Dubai , UAE 14 - Jul - 2024 18 - Jul - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Dubai , UAE 21 - Jul - 2024 25 - Jul - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Istanbul , Turkey 28 - Jul - 2024 1 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Dubai , UAE 28 - Jul - 2024 1 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia 28 - Jul - 2024 1 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Rome , Italy 7 - Jul - 2024 11 - Jul - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Barcelona , Spain 7 - Jul - 2024 11 - Jul - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Zurich , Switzerland 7 - Jul - 2024 11 - Jul - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Paris , France 14 - Jul - 2024 18 - Jul - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Hong Kong , Hong Kong 14 - Jul - 2024 18 - Jul - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Paris , France 21 - Jul - 2024 25 - Jul - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Hong Kong , Hong Kong 21 - Jul - 2024 25 - Jul - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Bali , Indonesia 28 - Jul - 2024 1 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Singapore , Singapore 28 - Jul - 2024 1 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Washington , United States 28 - Jul - 2024 1 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Paris , France 28 - Jul - 2024 1 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Hong Kong , Hong Kong 28 - Jul - 2024 1 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Rome , Italy 28 - Jul - 2024 1 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Barcelona , Spain 28 - Jul - 2024 1 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Zurich , Switzerland 28 - Jul - 2024 1 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
London , UK 4 - Aug - 2024 8 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Dubai , UAE 11 - Aug - 2024 15 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Istanbul , Turkey 18 - Aug - 2024 22 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia 25 - Aug - 2024 29 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Dubai , UAE 25 - Aug - 2024 29 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Madrid , Spain 4 - Aug - 2024 8 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Munich , Germany 4 - Aug - 2024 8 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Berlin , Germany 4 - Aug - 2024 8 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
New York , United States 4 - Aug - 2024 8 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Amsterdam , Netherlands 4 - Aug - 2024 8 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Paris , France 11 - Aug - 2024 15 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Hong Kong , Hong Kong 11 - Aug - 2024 15 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Bali , Indonesia 18 - Aug - 2024 22 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Singapore , Singapore 18 - Aug - 2024 22 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Washington , United States 18 - Aug - 2024 22 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Rome , Italy 25 - Aug - 2024 29 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Barcelona , Spain 25 - Aug - 2024 29 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Zurich , Switzerland 25 - Aug - 2024 29 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Paris , France 25 - Aug - 2024 29 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Hong Kong , Hong Kong 25 - Aug - 2024 29 - Aug - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia 22 - Sep - 2024 26 - Sep - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Dubai , UAE 1 - Sep - 2024 5 - Sep - 2024
Course Details & Registration
London , UK 8 - Sep - 2024 12 - Sep - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Istanbul , Turkey 15 - Sep - 2024 19 - Sep - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Dubai , UAE 15 - Sep - 2024 19 - Sep - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia 15 - Sep - 2024 19 - Sep - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Rome , Italy 22 - Sep - 2024 26 - Sep - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Barcelona , Spain 22 - Sep - 2024 26 - Sep - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Zurich , Switzerland 22 - Sep - 2024 26 - Sep - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Paris , France 1 - Sep - 2024 5 - Sep - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Hong Kong , Hong Kong 1 - Sep - 2024 5 - Sep - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Madrid , Spain 8 - Sep - 2024 12 - Sep - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Munich , Germany 8 - Sep - 2024 12 - Sep - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Berlin , Germany 8 - Sep - 2024 12 - Sep - 2024
Course Details & Registration
New York , United States 8 - Sep - 2024 12 - Sep - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Amsterdam , Netherlands 8 - Sep - 2024 12 - Sep - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Bali , Indonesia 15 - Sep - 2024 19 - Sep - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Singapore , Singapore 15 - Sep - 2024 19 - Sep - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Washington , United States 15 - Sep - 2024 19 - Sep - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Paris , France 15 - Sep - 2024 19 - Sep - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Hong Kong , Hong Kong 15 - Sep - 2024 19 - Sep - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Rome , Italy 15 - Sep - 2024 19 - Sep - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Barcelona , Spain 15 - Sep - 2024 19 - Sep - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Zurich , Switzerland 15 - Sep - 2024 19 - Sep - 2024
Course Details & Registration
London , UK 20 - Oct - 2024 24 - Oct - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Dubai , UAE 27 - Oct - 2024 31 - Oct - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Istanbul , Turkey 6 - Oct - 2024 10 - Oct - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia 13 - Oct - 2024 17 - Oct - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Dubai , UAE 13 - Oct - 2024 17 - Oct - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Madrid , Spain 20 - Oct - 2024 24 - Oct - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Munich , Germany 20 - Oct - 2024 24 - Oct - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Berlin , Germany 20 - Oct - 2024 24 - Oct - 2024
Course Details & Registration
New York , United States 20 - Oct - 2024 24 - Oct - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Amsterdam , Netherlands 20 - Oct - 2024 24 - Oct - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Paris , France 27 - Oct - 2024 31 - Oct - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Hong Kong , Hong Kong 27 - Oct - 2024 31 - Oct - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Bali , Indonesia 6 - Oct - 2024 10 - Oct - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Singapore , Singapore 6 - Oct - 2024 10 - Oct - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Washington , United States 6 - Oct - 2024 10 - Oct - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Rome , Italy 13 - Oct - 2024 17 - Oct - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Barcelona , Spain 13 - Oct - 2024 17 - Oct - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Zurich , Switzerland 13 - Oct - 2024 17 - Oct - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Paris , France 13 - Oct - 2024 17 - Oct - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Hong Kong , Hong Kong 13 - Oct - 2024 17 - Oct - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia 17 - Nov - 2024 21 - Nov - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Dubai , UAE 24 - Nov - 2024 28 - Nov - 2024
Course Details & Registration
London , UK 3 - Nov - 2024 7 - Nov - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Istanbul , Turkey 10 - Nov - 2024 14 - Nov - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Dubai , UAE 10 - Nov - 2024 14 - Nov - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia 10 - Nov - 2024 14 - Nov - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Rome , Italy 17 - Nov - 2024 21 - Nov - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Barcelona , Spain 17 - Nov - 2024 21 - Nov - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Zurich , Switzerland 17 - Nov - 2024 21 - Nov - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Paris , France 24 - Nov - 2024 28 - Nov - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Hong Kong , Hong Kong 24 - Nov - 2024 28 - Nov - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Madrid , Spain 3 - Nov - 2024 7 - Nov - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Munich , Germany 3 - Nov - 2024 7 - Nov - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Berlin , Germany 3 - Nov - 2024 7 - Nov - 2024
Course Details & Registration
New York , United States 3 - Nov - 2024 7 - Nov - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Amsterdam , Netherlands 3 - Nov - 2024 7 - Nov - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Bali , Indonesia 10 - Nov - 2024 14 - Nov - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Singapore , Singapore 10 - Nov - 2024 14 - Nov - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Washington , United States 10 - Nov - 2024 14 - Nov - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Paris , France 10 - Nov - 2024 14 - Nov - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Hong Kong , Hong Kong 10 - Nov - 2024 14 - Nov - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Rome , Italy 10 - Nov - 2024 14 - Nov - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Barcelona , Spain 10 - Nov - 2024 14 - Nov - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Zurich , Switzerland 10 - Nov - 2024 14 - Nov - 2024
Course Details & Registration
London , UK 15 - Dec - 2024 19 - Dec - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Dubai , UAE 22 - Dec - 2024 26 - Dec - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Istanbul , Turkey 8 - Dec - 2024 12 - Dec - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia 1 - Dec - 2024 5 - Dec - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Dubai , UAE 1 - Dec - 2024 5 - Dec - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Madrid , Spain 15 - Dec - 2024 19 - Dec - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Munich , Germany 15 - Dec - 2024 19 - Dec - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Berlin , Germany 15 - Dec - 2024 19 - Dec - 2024
Course Details & Registration
New York , United States 15 - Dec - 2024 19 - Dec - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Amsterdam , Netherlands 15 - Dec - 2024 19 - Dec - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Paris , France 22 - Dec - 2024 26 - Dec - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Hong Kong , Hong Kong 22 - Dec - 2024 26 - Dec - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Bali , Indonesia 8 - Dec - 2024 12 - Dec - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Singapore , Singapore 8 - Dec - 2024 12 - Dec - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Washington , United States 8 - Dec - 2024 12 - Dec - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Rome , Italy 1 - Dec - 2024 5 - Dec - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Barcelona , Spain 1 - Dec - 2024 5 - Dec - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Zurich , Switzerland 1 - Dec - 2024 5 - Dec - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Paris , France 1 - Dec - 2024 5 - Dec - 2024
Course Details & Registration
Hong Kong , Hong Kong 1 - Dec - 2024 5 - Dec - 2024
Course Details & Registration

Course Syllabus

Introduction

This course covers the skills required to lead a procurement team to world class performance. It focuses on the common “gaps” in performance that must be filled in order for Purchasing Management to provide the continuous improvements needed for organizations to meet their strategic objectives.

Further, this course encourages everyone how to be proactive rather than reactive in procurement activities and how to be working on the “right” things that display Purchasing’s creativity, flexibility, and supply market knowledge. It establishes how to provide and measure purchasing contributions to the organization so that this critical function can be elevated as a core organization competency.

The course will feature:

  • The skills and attributes of world class Purchasing Personnel
  • Measuring leading performance
  • Selection  and application of management strategies
  • Understanding the changing International Best Practices
  • Managing supplier to obtain best in class results

Objectives

  • Learn how to develop high performance purchasing organizations
  • Develop strategic purchasing plans & discuss how to improve internal customer service
  • Will be show analytics that to guide procurement strategies
  • Explore many ways of reporting key performance indicators (KPIs)
  • Understand the most important competencies for purchasing personnel

Content

Day One

The 1st Steps to Becoming World Class

  • Stages To World Class Purchasing
  • How Purchasing is viewed today
  • Strategic Sourcing
  • Developing Spend Profiles and the ABC Analysis
  • New Job Descriptions For Purchasing of the future
  • Purchasing Personnel Required Skill Sets

Day Two

Evaluating Your Own Operation

  • What are Best Practices
  • Purchasing Gap Analysis
  • Vision and Mission for Purchasing
  • Developing The Purchasing Department Strategic Plan
  • Developing Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) For Procurement
  • Developing A Company Purchase Price Index

Day Three

Continuous Improvement and How to Get It

  • Cost Reduction Initiatives
  • Methods of Cost Containment
  • Waste In The Supply Chain
  • Breaking Down The Elements Of Supplier Cost
  • Commodity/Service Strategic Planning
  • Resisting Price Increases

Day Four

Supplier Management Approaches

  • Supplier Classification System
  • Supplier Qualification Methods
  • Supplier Performance Metrics
  • Apply Performance criteria to Purchasing Decisions
  • Process Mapping To Eliminate Low Value Activities
  • Applying eProcurement business process

Day Five

Improving the Image of Procurement

  • Global Sourcing
  • International Labor Rates Comparison
  • Developing and Maintaining a Customer Focus
  • Basic Issues In Corruption And Fraud Prevention
  • Increasing The Level of Procurement Professionalism
  • Keeping Current in the profession

Related Courses

PPC25

Purchasing Techniques, Negotiating and Cost Reduction Course

Develop skills in procurement and cost reduction through effective purchasing techniques. Enroll in this practical training course.
PPC51

Social Activities and Events Management Course

Acquire skills in social activities and events management in this training course. Learn techniques to plan and execute successful events.
PPC50

Primavera P6 Professional Fundamentals and Administration Course

Gain comprehensive knowledge of Primavera P6 in this training course. Develop skills for effective project planning, management, and administration.
PPC39

The Complete Course on Contracts and Purchasing Management Course

Comprehensive training covering contracts and purchasing management. Develop skills for successful procurement and contract administration.
PPC33

Strategic Purchasing and Supply Management Course

Develop strategic skills in purchasing and supply management. Enroll in this training course for effective procurement practices.
PPC6

Event Management Essentials Course

Gain the skills to plan and manage successful events with precision and creativity in this essential training course.