/  Materials of Construction for Process Equipment and Piping Systems Training

Materials of Construction for Process Equipment and Piping Systems Training

BMC Training provides a training course in Materials of Construction for Process Equipment and Piping Systems in Maintenance Engineering Training

Course Title
Venue
Start Date
End Date
  • London
    27 - 1 - 2019
    31 - 1 - 2019
  • Madrid
    27 - 1 - 2019
    31 - 1 - 2019
  • Munich
    27 - 1 - 2019
    31 - 1 - 2019
  • Berlin
    27 - 1 - 2019
    31 - 1 - 2019
  • New York
    27 - 1 - 2019
    31 - 1 - 2019
  • Dubai
    20 - 1 - 2019
    24 - 1 - 2019
  • Paris
    20 - 1 - 2019
    24 - 1 - 2019
  • Hong Kong
    20 - 1 - 2019
    24 - 1 - 2019
  • Kuala Lumpur
    13 - 1 - 2019
    17 - 1 - 2019
  • Rome
    13 - 1 - 2019
    17 - 1 - 2019
  • Barcelona
    13 - 1 - 2019
    17 - 1 - 2019
  • Zurich
    13 - 1 - 2019
    17 - 1 - 2019
  • Istanbul
    6 - 1 - 2019
    10 - 1 - 2019
  • Bali
    6 - 1 - 2019
    10 - 1 - 2019
  • Singapore
    6 - 1 - 2019
    10 - 1 - 2019
  • Washington
    6 - 1 - 2019
    10 - 1 - 2019
  • Istanbul
    24 - 2 - 2019
    28 - 2 - 2019
  • Bali
    24 - 2 - 2019
    28 - 2 - 2019
  • Singapore
    24 - 2 - 2019
    28 - 2 - 2019
  • Washington
    24 - 2 - 2019
    28 - 2 - 2019
  • Kuala Lumpur
    17 - 2 - 2019
    21 - 2 - 2019
  • Rome
    17 - 2 - 2019
    21 - 2 - 2019
  • Barcelona
    17 - 2 - 2019
    21 - 2 - 2019
  • Zurich
    17 - 2 - 2019
    21 - 2 - 2019
  • Dubai
    10 - 2 - 2019
    14 - 2 - 2019
  • Paris
    10 - 2 - 2019
    14 - 2 - 2019
  • Hong Kong
    10 - 2 - 2019
    14 - 2 - 2019
  • London
    3 - 2 - 2019
    7 - 2 - 2019
  • Madrid
    3 - 2 - 2019
    7 - 2 - 2019
  • Munich
    3 - 2 - 2019
    7 - 2 - 2019
  • Berlin
    3 - 2 - 2019
    7 - 2 - 2019
  • New York
    3 - 2 - 2019
    7 - 2 - 2019
  • London
    17 - 3 - 2019
    21 - 3 - 2019
  • Madrid
    17 - 3 - 2019
    21 - 3 - 2019
  • Munich
    17 - 3 - 2019
    21 - 3 - 2019
  • Berlin
    17 - 3 - 2019
    21 - 3 - 2019
  • New York
    17 - 3 - 2019
    21 - 3 - 2019
  • Dubai
    10 - 3 - 2019
    14 - 3 - 2019
  • Paris
    10 - 3 - 2019
    14 - 3 - 2019
  • Hong Kong
    10 - 3 - 2019
    14 - 3 - 2019
  • Kuala Lumpur
    3 - 3 - 2019
    7 - 3 - 2019
  • Rome
    3 - 3 - 2019
    7 - 3 - 2019
  • Barcelona
    3 - 3 - 2019
    7 - 3 - 2019
  • Zurich
    3 - 3 - 2019
    7 - 3 - 2019
  • Istanbul
    24 - 3 - 2019
    28 - 3 - 2019
  • Bali
    24 - 3 - 2019
    28 - 3 - 2019
  • Singapore
    24 - 3 - 2019
    28 - 3 - 2019
  • Washington
    24 - 3 - 2019
    28 - 3 - 2019
  • Istanbul
    28 - 4 - 2019
    2 - 5 - 2019
  • Bali
    28 - 4 - 2019
    2 - 5 - 2019
  • Singapore
    28 - 4 - 2019
    2 - 5 - 2019
  • Washington
    28 - 4 - 2019
    2 - 5 - 2019
  • Kuala Lumpur
    7 - 4 - 2019
    11 - 4 - 2019
  • Rome
    7 - 4 - 2019
    11 - 4 - 2019
  • Barcelona
    7 - 4 - 2019
    11 - 4 - 2019
  • Zurich
    7 - 4 - 2019
    11 - 4 - 2019
  • Dubai
    14 - 4 - 2019
    18 - 4 - 2019
  • Paris
    14 - 4 - 2019
    18 - 4 - 2019
  • Hong Kong
    14 - 4 - 2019
    18 - 4 - 2019
  • London
    21 - 4 - 2019
    25 - 4 - 2019
  • Madrid
    21 - 4 - 2019
    25 - 4 - 2019
  • Munich
    21 - 4 - 2019
    25 - 4 - 2019
  • Berlin
    21 - 4 - 2019
    25 - 4 - 2019
  • New York
    21 - 4 - 2019
    25 - 4 - 2019
  • London
    12 - 5 - 2019
    16 - 5 - 2019
  • Madrid
    12 - 5 - 2019
    16 - 5 - 2019
  • Munich
    12 - 5 - 2019
    16 - 5 - 2019
  • Berlin
    12 - 5 - 2019
    16 - 5 - 2019
  • New York
    12 - 5 - 2019
    16 - 5 - 2019
  • Dubai
    5 - 5 - 2019
    9 - 5 - 2019
  • Paris
    5 - 5 - 2019
    9 - 5 - 2019
  • Hong Kong
    5 - 5 - 2019
    9 - 5 - 2019
  • Kuala Lumpur
    19 - 5 - 2019
    23 - 5 - 2019
  • Rome
    19 - 5 - 2019
    23 - 5 - 2019
  • Barcelona
    19 - 5 - 2019
    23 - 5 - 2019
  • Zurich
    19 - 5 - 2019
    23 - 5 - 2019
  • Istanbul
    26 - 5 - 2019
    30 - 5 - 2019
  • Bali
    26 - 5 - 2019
    30 - 5 - 2019
  • Singapore
    26 - 5 - 2019
    30 - 5 - 2019
  • Washington
    26 - 5 - 2019
    30 - 5 - 2019
  • Istanbul
    9 - 6 - 2019
    13 - 6 - 2019
  • Bali
    9 - 6 - 2019
    13 - 6 - 2019
  • Singapore
    9 - 6 - 2019
    13 - 6 - 2019
  • Washington
    9 - 6 - 2019
    13 - 6 - 2019
  • Kuala Lumpur
    16 - 6 - 2019
    20 - 6 - 2019
  • Rome
    16 - 6 - 2019
    20 - 6 - 2019
  • Barcelona
    16 - 6 - 2019
    20 - 6 - 2019
  • Zurich
    16 - 6 - 2019
    20 - 6 - 2019
  • Dubai
    23 - 6 - 2019
    27 - 6 - 2019
  • Paris
    23 - 6 - 2019
    27 - 6 - 2019
  • Hong Kong
    23 - 6 - 2019
    27 - 6 - 2019
  • London
    2 - 6 - 2019
    6 - 6 - 2019
  • Madrid
    2 - 6 - 2019
    6 - 6 - 2019
  • Munich
    2 - 6 - 2019
    6 - 6 - 2019
  • Berlin
    2 - 6 - 2019
    6 - 6 - 2019
  • New York
    2 - 6 - 2019
    6 - 6 - 2019
  • London
    7 - 7 - 2019
    11 - 7 - 2019
  • Madrid
    7 - 7 - 2019
    11 - 7 - 2019
  • Munich
    7 - 7 - 2019
    11 - 7 - 2019
  • Berlin
    7 - 7 - 2019
    11 - 7 - 2019
  • New York
    7 - 7 - 2019
    11 - 7 - 2019
  • Dubai
    14 - 7 - 2019
    18 - 7 - 2019
  • Paris
    14 - 7 - 2019
    18 - 7 - 2019
  • Hong Kong
    14 - 7 - 2019
    18 - 7 - 2019
  • Dubai
    21 - 7 - 2019
    25 - 7 - 2019
  • Paris
    21 - 7 - 2019
    25 - 7 - 2019
  • Hong Kong
    21 - 7 - 2019
    25 - 7 - 2019
  • Istanbul
    28 - 7 - 2019
    1 - 8 - 2019
  • Bali
    28 - 7 - 2019
    1 - 8 - 2019
  • Singapore
    28 - 7 - 2019
    1 - 8 - 2019
  • Washington
    28 - 7 - 2019
    1 - 8 - 2019
  • Istanbul
    4 - 8 - 2019
    8 - 8 - 2019
  • Bali
    4 - 8 - 2019
    8 - 8 - 2019
  • Singapore
    4 - 8 - 2019
    8 - 8 - 2019
  • Washington
    4 - 8 - 2019
    8 - 8 - 2019
  • Kuala Lumpur
    11 - 8 - 2019
    15 - 8 - 2019
  • Rome
    11 - 8 - 2019
    15 - 8 - 2019
  • Barcelona
    11 - 8 - 2019
    15 - 8 - 2019
  • Zurich
    11 - 8 - 2019
    15 - 8 - 2019
  • Dubai
    18 - 8 - 2019
    22 - 8 - 2019
  • Paris
    18 - 8 - 2019
    22 - 8 - 2019
  • Hong Kong
    18 - 8 - 2019
    22 - 8 - 2019
  • London
    25 - 8 - 2019
    29 - 8 - 2019
  • Madrid
    25 - 8 - 2019
    29 - 8 - 2019
  • Munich
    25 - 8 - 2019
    29 - 8 - 2019
  • Berlin
    25 - 8 - 2019
    29 - 8 - 2019
  • New York
    25 - 8 - 2019
    29 - 8 - 2019
  • London
    22 - 9 - 2019
    26 - 9 - 2019
  • Madrid
    22 - 9 - 2019
    26 - 9 - 2019
  • Munich
    22 - 9 - 2019
    26 - 9 - 2019
  • Berlin
    22 - 9 - 2019
    26 - 9 - 2019
  • New York
    22 - 9 - 2019
    26 - 9 - 2019
  • Dubai
    1 - 9 - 2019
    5 - 9 - 2019
  • Paris
    1 - 9 - 2019
    5 - 9 - 2019
  • Hong Kong
    1 - 9 - 2019
    5 - 9 - 2019
  • Kuala Lumpur
    8 - 9 - 2019
    12 - 9 - 2019
  • Rome
    8 - 9 - 2019
    12 - 9 - 2019
  • Barcelona
    8 - 9 - 2019
    12 - 9 - 2019
  • Zurich
    8 - 9 - 2019
    12 - 9 - 2019
  • Istanbul
    15 - 9 - 2019
    19 - 9 - 2019
  • Bali
    15 - 9 - 2019
    19 - 9 - 2019
  • Singapore
    15 - 9 - 2019
    19 - 9 - 2019
  • Washington
    15 - 9 - 2019
    19 - 9 - 2019
  • Istanbul
    20 - 10 - 2019
    24 - 10 - 2019
  • Bali
    20 - 10 - 2019
    24 - 10 - 2019
  • Singapore
    20 - 10 - 2019
    24 - 10 - 2019
  • Washington
    20 - 10 - 2019
    24 - 10 - 2019
  • Kuala Lumpur
    27 - 10 - 2019
    31 - 10 - 2019
  • Rome
    27 - 10 - 2019
    31 - 10 - 2019
  • Barcelona
    27 - 10 - 2019
    31 - 10 - 2019
  • Zurich
    27 - 10 - 2019
    31 - 10 - 2019
  • Dubai
    6 - 10 - 2019
    10 - 10 - 2019
  • Paris
    6 - 10 - 2019
    10 - 10 - 2019
  • Hong Kong
    6 - 10 - 2019
    10 - 10 - 2019
  • London
    13 - 10 - 2019
    17 - 10 - 2019
  • Madrid
    13 - 10 - 2019
    17 - 10 - 2019
  • Munich
    13 - 10 - 2019
    17 - 10 - 2019
  • Berlin
    13 - 10 - 2019
    17 - 10 - 2019
  • New York
    13 - 10 - 2019
    17 - 10 - 2019
  • London
    17 - 11 - 2019
    21 - 11 - 2019
  • Madrid
    17 - 11 - 2019
    21 - 11 - 2019
  • Munich
    17 - 11 - 2019
    21 - 11 - 2019
  • Berlin
    17 - 11 - 2019
    21 - 11 - 2019
  • New York
    17 - 11 - 2019
    21 - 11 - 2019
  • Dubai
    24 - 11 - 2019
    28 - 11 - 2019
  • Paris
    24 - 11 - 2019
    28 - 11 - 2019
  • Hong Kong
    24 - 11 - 2019
    28 - 11 - 2019
  • Kuala Lumpur
    3 - 11 - 2019
    7 - 11 - 2019
  • Rome
    3 - 11 - 2019
    7 - 11 - 2019
  • Barcelona
    3 - 11 - 2019
    7 - 11 - 2019
  • Zurich
    3 - 11 - 2019
    7 - 11 - 2019
  • Istanbul
    10 - 11 - 2019
    14 - 11 - 2019
  • Bali
    10 - 11 - 2019
    14 - 11 - 2019
  • Singapore
    10 - 11 - 2019
    14 - 11 - 2019
  • Washington
    10 - 11 - 2019
    14 - 11 - 2019
  • Istanbul
    15 - 12 - 2019
    19 - 12 - 2019
  • Bali
    15 - 12 - 2019
    19 - 12 - 2019
  • Singapore
    15 - 12 - 2019
    19 - 12 - 2019
  • Washington
    15 - 12 - 2019
    19 - 12 - 2019
  • Kuala Lumpur
    22 - 12 - 2019
    26 - 12 - 2019
  • Rome
    22 - 12 - 2019
    26 - 12 - 2019
  • Barcelona
    22 - 12 - 2019
    26 - 12 - 2019
  • Zurich
    22 - 12 - 2019
    26 - 12 - 2019
  • Dubai
    8 - 12 - 2019
    12 - 12 - 2019
  • Paris
    8 - 12 - 2019
    12 - 12 - 2019
  • Hong Kong
    8 - 12 - 2019
    12 - 12 - 2019
  • London
    1 - 12 - 2019
    5 - 12 - 2019
  • Madrid
    1 - 12 - 2019
    5 - 12 - 2019
  • Munich
    1 - 12 - 2019
    5 - 12 - 2019
  • Berlin
    1 - 12 - 2019
    5 - 12 - 2019
  • New York
    1 - 12 - 2019
    5 - 12 - 2019

Introduction

Appropriate material selection is the cornerstone of pressure equipment and piping design, operation and maintenance. The acceptability of materials is controlled by the relevant Codes. The mechanical integrity, safety, and cost-effective operation of plants depend on the in-service performance of the materials of construction throughout the plant life cycle.

This course provides comprehensive and practical understanding of engineering materials and guidance on the methods and best industry practices for the selection of the appropriate materials of construction for specific applications while simultaneously satisfying service requirements, construction Code requirements, and least life cycle costs over the entire plant life. This course will provide a practical overview of ASME BPVC Section II – Materials, as well as some relevant information from the BPVC Section VIII Div.1 and B31.3 Process Piping.

Course highlights are:

  • Types and properties of engineering materials
  • Selection and application of materials
  • Degradation of materials in service
  • Inspection strategies and Non-destructive examination
  • Fitness for Service Assessments

Objectives

The key objectives of this course are as follows:

  • Assist participants to clearly understand appropriate selection of materials of construction for pressure equipment
  • Enable delegates understand how materials affect safe, reliable and cost-effective plant operation.
  • Enhance participants’ awareness of key requirements of relevant design and operation standards and industry practices such as ASME B&PVC and B31.3; ASTM Material Specifications, API 571, 580, 581, 578 and 579, and others.
  • Provide guidelines to participants to identify and locate in-service degradation and appropriate tools for condition assessment and making sound run/repair/replace decisions.
  • Make participants recognize that although all flaws detected by inspection must be evaluated, not all flaws need to be repaired.
  • The proper application of API Std 579-1/ASME FFS-1 for fitness-for-service assessment may obviate the need for some repairs and result in reduced maintenance cost and downtime.

Content

Day 1 - Engineering Materials - Types and Properties

Engineering Materials I – Overview

  • Metals – Ferrous and non-ferrous
  • Carbon steel
    • Alloying elements added to iron base – carbon, manganese, and silicon
    • Effect of alloying elements on end properties and on fabrication processes
    • Impurities and their effect – sulfur, phosphorus
  • Alloy steel
    • Effects of alloying elements
    • Stainless steels
  • Specialty alloys
    • Corrosion resistant alloys
    • High temperature alloys
    • Erosion resistant alloys

Engineering Materials II

  • Refractory materials – Types and applications – Examples: Titanium and zirconium
  • Clad Materials – Types; production methods; and typical applications
  • Composite materials – Classes, types and applications
  • Non-Metallic materials – Plastics, ceramics
  • Surface engineered coatings/overlays – Types, specifications and applications
    • Organic coatings
    • Metallic coatings
    • Corrosion resistant cladding
    • Corrosion resistant / hard-surface welding
    • Thermal spray coatings
    • Plasma transferred arc (PTA) welded overlays

Metallurgy Basics

  • The structure of metals and alloys
  • Imperfections in metals and alloys
  • Chemical composition – Unified numbering system (UNS)
  • Physical properties – melting temperature, the thermal conductivity, electrical conductivity, the coefficient of thermal expansion, and density
  • Mechanical properties – Base metals, filler metal and completed welds
  • Tensile and yield strength, ductility, hardness and toughness
  • Heat treatment and effect on material properties

Material Forming and Fabrication

  • Forming and forging
  • Casting
  • Welding processes – main technologies and consumables currently used in industry
  • Weldability – Carbon equivalent; Shaeffler and WRC diagrams
  • Preheat and Post-Weld heat treatment (PWHT) – Code (B&PV and B31) rules
  • Weld imperfections (discontinuities) commonly encountered with welding processes

Overview of ASME B&PVC Section IX ‘Welding and Brazing Qualifications’

  • This Section contains rules relating to the qualification of welding and brazing procedures as required by other code sections for component manufacture
  • Welding procedure specification (WPS)
  • Procedure qualification record (PQR)
  • Welder performance qualification (WPQ)

Day 2 - Materials Selection and Application

Material Selection Process and Guidelines

  • Life cycle cost considerations
  • Factors in material selection in petroleum refineries- type of refinery; type of crude oil processed; service conditions in specific process unit/application, expected service life
  • Oxidation resistance – scale formation
  • Guidelines on the maximum temperature of use of carbon steel and alloy materials
  • Creep properties – The Larson-Miller parameter (LMP)
  • Fatigue properties – Fatigue design (S-N) curves

Materials Standards and Codes

  • ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel and Piping Construction Codes
    • Allowable stresses
    • Constraints and limitations
    • P-Number identificat
  • ASTM – Some common material specifications for piping, plates, forgings and castings

Materials Standards and Codes (continued)

  • API RP 941 – Steels for hydrogen service at elevated temperatures and pressures in petroleum refineries and petrochemical plants
  • Oxidation resistance – scale formation
  • NACE MR0103 ‘Materials Resistant to Sulfide Stress Cracking in Corrosive Petroleum Refining Environments’
  • PIP (Process Industry Practices) Standards – Example: PIP Piping Material Specification 1CS2S01 Class 150, Carbon Steel, Socket Weld, 0.125 C.A. Process.
  • Fatigue properties – Fatigue design (S-N) curves
  • Overview of ASME B&PVC Section II ‘Materials Specifications’ – This Section compiles material specifications and material properties for materials used in the construction of ASME components. It contains four parts:
    • Part A-Ferrous Material Specifications
    • Part B-Nonferrous Material
    • Part C-Specifications for Welding Rods
    • Part D-Properties-(Customary)

Material Selection for Specific Equipment

  • Refineries and petrochemical plants
  • Power plants
  • Pressure vessels
  • Piping valves and fittings
  • Pumps

Day 3 - Degradation of Materials In-Service

Material Ageing and Degradation – Overview

  • Ageing is not about how old equipment is; it’s about knowledge of its condition, and how that is changing over time
  • Indicators or symptoms of ageing

Failure Modes and Mechanisms in Materials

  • Degradation processes – (e.g. corrosion, erosion)
  • Excessive elastic deformation – (e.g. buckling)
  • Fracture – (e.g. fatigue, brittle fracture)

Overview of API RP 571 Damage Mechanisms Affecting Fixed Equipment

  • This document provides background information on damage that can occur to equipment in the refining and other process industries. It covers over 60 damage mechanisms. It is also an excellent reference for inspection, operations, and maintenance personnel.

Metallurgical Failure Analysis

  • Overview
  • Case study

Positive Material Identification

  • Objectives and methodologies (e.g. X-Ray Fluorescence and Optical Emission Spectroscopy)
    • ASTM- E1916
    • Pipe Fabricator Institute PFI-ES42
    • API 578
    • MSS SP-137-2007
    • Material Test Reports

Day 4 - Inspection Strategies and Non-Destructive Examination Methods

Mechanical (Structural) Integrity – Overview

  • Definition, scope, and key elements – hardware and software issues, human factor, and asset manageme
  • Potential threats to technical integrity in a hazardous environment
  • Regulatory requirements – SH&E, OSHA, SEVESO II
  • Life cycle implications – design/operation/maintenance, management of change

Inspection Strategies and Methods

  • Real function of inspection
  • Planning and strategies

Inspection Strategies and Methods (continued)

  • Overview of API RP 580 and RBD 581 – Risk-Based Inspection
  • Overview of API RP 577 Welding Inspection and Metallurgy

Non-Destructive Examination (NDE) Methods and Their Application

  • Capability of the applicable inspection method vs. discontinuity
  • New developments in NDE methods

Overview of ASME B&PVC Section V ‘Nondestructive Examination’

  • This section contains requirements and methods for non-destructive examination referenced and required by other code sections.

Day 5 - Fitness-For-Service Evaluation

Introduction to Fracture Mechanics

  • Overview
  • Illustrative worked examples

Fitness-for-Service Assessment

  • Overview of API Std. 579-1/ASME FFS-1
  • Worked examples

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